عنوان مقاله [English]
"Other" is a concept related to individual identity, and individual identity only makes sense when it is weighed against others. The concept of the "other" is the result of the epistemology and ontology of modern man, which has a different life and experience from that of ancient man. This concept entered literature with the theory of the logic of Bakhtin's dialogue and opened a new window to literary works. One type of literature in which this concept can be explored and has not yet been considered is the "parable", which leads to the omission of the "other" due to the lack of dialogue. Proverbs have been widely used as a linguistic feature and literary genre in the works of Persian writers; but there are those whose words have become proverbs. Sadi is one of these writers. By accurately recognizing the specific capacities of the parable, he presents many of his words as parables and in this way conveys his views to others. In the present study, while analyzing The Proverb structure, its features are related to the elimination of "other" such as: "using proximity magic", "addressing", "warning", "using the names of famous people", "using humor", and ... Sadi's method of use of this type of literature is examined in order to eliminate the "other" and induce speech artistically to others in Golestan and Bustan.